Mr. Jean-Claude Barrey, ethologist

Sorry for the bad translation, it have been done by an automatic translator… (better than nothing)
Here is a discount in the clear of Mr. Jean-Claude Barrey, ethologist on the chasm which separates the study of these wonderful animals are horses and dressage based on packages and negative reinforcement is saying called riding behavioral to conquer more and more demanding customers, who want to reach out to words like respect, gentle, nature… without too much call into question.

 

Tip: note that the author is we feel its ras fed (and I understand) and that he assaulted a time or little wisperer invader. But like him, I think that it is time to restore things a little. Although his conclusion feels a little fear of the cow boy and it does not seem favourable to a riding without bit (this is sad) he defends a Honourable fervently ethologist status. But knowing it dressage judge, I wouldn’t belive all that he say…

 

Unit of research in ethology
September 6, 2003

 

For the safeguarding of the riders and horses.
For the safeguarding of French horsemanship.
Let us be clear…

 

Ethologists of our research station, saturated by the media hype around a pseudo-éthologie and worried about by the accession of the French Federation of horse-riding and many riders to this indoctrination, are mobilizing to return things to the point. Our first mission is to research and disseminate it, not enter controversies covering commercial interests, some, but that the French Federation of equestrian formalizes these practices, too it is too much, and we can no longer allow to say and do anything without reacting.
First of all, the speech and the practices of the whisperers, new masters and other active are in no case of ethology.
Ethology is the Comparative Biology of animal behaviour. It is a science which seeks in-depth knowledge in animal biology, genetics, neurophysiology. More could not make the ethology on a single species: it will include about the behaviour of a horse or other animal if there is not already a knowledge in fundamental ethology and evolution behaviour related to the evolution of life. One cannot understand the birds if it is known how fish and reptiles; to understand the mammals, know how reptiles and the birds…
I doubt very much that the spontaneous generation of new equine ethology masters have this kind of knowledge! This is about in the same report that between the work and the osteopath doctor!
In addition, the term “behavioral riding” means nothing: ethology is a science of observation, intervention on the animal.
If still their pseudo-éthologie was serious… but they spread the more extravagant errors with an extraordinary self-confidence!
Here are a few examples (alas) not comprehensive:

 

All emphasize the predator/prey of the human/horse report model.

 

Fortunately, the life of a horse, even in nature, is not to be permanent prey and “antipredator programs” leak or defence do not have the opportunity to work very often. What is the predator, we see these manipulators almost permanently in primate Hunter attitudes, pursuing the horse waving a stick at the end of which is established a piece of black plastic sheeting, trample, and other faces that we know in Primatology in confrontations between males. The stick itself is a piece of metal tube lacquered white, wearing rubber at each end stopper, which was developed by Parelli fashion under the name of “Cao stick”, carrot sticks, because it is used sometimes to caress the horse. In short, they have reinvented the whip of dressage…
Finally, note that “predatory” is not a status, but a vital activity, predation, mandatory for carnivores, and optional for omnivores as human (hunter-gatherer). It may very well behave in a “picker” and fit into the social life of the horse must be of course know, and not interpreting, which is not the General case.

 

All lend to the horse a social organization of human type, and speak of “Chief”, of “dominant leading”, of “leader or Mare which leads the herd”, and other fantasies of books for children…

 

They ignore that the social structure of the horses is a small harem in network structure (i.e. where everyone monitors everyone) of a dozen individuals, including foals, where each retains its autonomy and independence, and not a pyramid structure with the Chief (where everyone is monitoring an individual: the Chief). There is no leader in horses (note that a leader is one who organizes activity)

In addition to the aggressiveness of predation there are also defensive aggression, aggressiveness of social competition and aggressiveness of diversion of anxiety or irritability. They have very different functions and do have in common to mobilize (hypothalamus/pituitary/Adreno-cortical) H.H.A. axis that is often called “l ‘ axis of evil,” because this mobilization too violent, too long or too often repeated is the source of many diseases.


They ignore that the “bid” obtained by the method of the type “join-up” is in fact a pathological alienation known as the Klüver-Bucy syndrome:


This disease is caused by leakage warnings and repeated blockades of the join-up and related practices. These inhibitions of coherent action of the horse cause very strong activation of the H.H.A. axis resulting in “shooter” the animal by its own endorphins and cause damage to the lateral amygdala nuclei of the limbic brain (the brain of the emotions) by the release of free radicals from exaggerated oxidative mechanisms. Thus treated animals “have a special bid.” “Those who were wild and feared human to are tame and showed no fear or aggression”.


They ignore that the level of development of the brain of the horse, virtually devoid of cells at the level of the associative neocortex, does not “understand” in the human sense of the word.


The horse does not reach the level of the “decentralization” which allows to see and putting yourself another human. It remains to be a self-centered level and sensori_moteur: he perceives sensations and it responds the programmes here, his temperament, his experience and emotions. “Understanding” does not exist in the brain of a horse: he feels and reacts and then based on the result of his action that activates the reward (M.F.B.) circuit either the punishment (P.V.S.) circuit is learning. Decision of the action centres remain, in horses, the emotional brain floor since it does not have the logical floor available to human.


They do not know that any rapid flushing necessarily involves inhibition conditioned, which mobilizes the PVS system and axis HHA discussed for “submission”.


Horse “shot” to the endorphins let course monter… and the method appears to be fresh because there is no apparent violence. All practices aimed at rapidly stopping the horse fall under this category and some frankly switch on child abuse.


Really soft methods are “habituation” is a physiological desensitization sensory progressive and non-motor locking mechanism. It has the drawback of being slow (at least 15 days to three weeks) because it is based on a large number of stimuli with low intensity repetitions initially and then gradually increasing.


They ignore that an adult horse no longer play performed “games” this games are for the humans only…


The function of the game, only the young, is lapping the programmes of actions that will be useful later in the adult. In the “open” programs of the game close and behaviours so similar to game are more than functions of evacuation of tensions.


They ignore that the aggressions and repeated blockades they suffer permanently in their horse must cause more where long term from the various legacy.


We filmed a Mare of colic during manipulations performed as “demonstration” by a player known and appreciated by the public. Here are a few possible sequelae related to the stress of the inhibition of the action, in various scientific publications:


-decrease of blood flow in the brain involved in motivation and decision areas.


-Produced corticosterone causes cell death in the hippocampus, part of the brain involved in memory and learning.


-Produced endorphins addiction hinders the proliferation of granular cells of the same hippocampus.


-Disorders of attention, anticipation and decision making.


-Sleep disorders.


-Resignation syndrome, Kluver-Bucy syndrome.


-Gastric ulceration, common in casual footwear.


-Intestinal blankness resulting of colic.


-Various tics (aérophagique ICTs, ICTs to bear, hyperkinesia).


-Significant decrease in immune defenses (hyper sensitivity to mundane diseases, parasitism, etc.)
They ignore that the vision is not the meaning of reference of the horse, but that it is still in olfaction that horse refers as a last resort.
The lateral position of the eyes gives a panoramic vision extended, but not of binocular vision giving the vision of relief. It has no fovea on which the human eye centre images using the oculo-Motors muscles. Its sensitive ganglionaires cells are concentrated on a narrow naso-temporal line, and the sense of relief is caused by the displacement of the image along this line, the eye remaining relatively fixed. To collect relief, therefore the object is in motion from the horse or that itself moves relative to the object. This is particularly important for the perception of the terrain of an obstacle and we see that in a foot break closes, he jumps with a very large margin of safety, either it passes squarely through. Other characters, as the non-spherical shape of the cornea and a number of Visual areas in the brain smaller than we, the specialized in very fine detection of the slightest movement. But, moreover, it will always try to verify what he saw from felt, olfaction remaining sense of reference. The hearing, she, by the position of the ears, indicates to what the horse is his attention, and the ears to the back, but not plated, indicate that he wears his attention to his bodily sensations, for example where we use an action aid.
They know what to do to turn around a horse on the trail, head to the outside, in him through the passage, constitutes a serious aggression (a hunting dog is thus change direction the animal it) causing leak and stress.
Recent recordings to the new in our station on the change of main suction inward and dam and turned back by the outside world, have shown that the first method, for a given horse, maintained the heart rate around 130 beats and resulted in even a drop of several points during the movement. On the contrary, the second method results in a brutal frequency peak that rises about 200 pulses. This is the same for the practices of the join-up kind which results, nor a peak, but a broad sustainable level to this very high frequency.
CONCLUSION
We stop here this enumeration, because one could write an entire book with what they know and teach however with aplomb, without any qualification or with auto-créés degrees to the dependent on those who have spent the time to obtain a B.E.
Behavioral analysis of the writings, speeches and practices in the field of each of them that was undertaken by our research station that:
-All are effective horse manipulators (and not only horses!), a little of the merits of their speech or their practice concern once they get results fast and preferably spectacular, what Georges Charpak calls “the Barnum effect”.
-They use methods that have nothing new because they are used for decades in the training of circus horses that were studied as early as the 1960s. They are based on packages of type S and conditioned inhibitions that have result in “all” the horse, which is useful for the show but leads to an impasse with respect to classical riding.
-Their writings and their speeches, particularly adroit, are very pleasant and correspond very well to the speech that, disappointed the pedagogy, are pleased to hear. The words respect, trust, agreement of the horse, etc. return constantly while should speak of alienation.
- Because, unfortunately, their practice is never the speech accompanying it. This practice is all the more dangerous that the violence that it uses is not externally visible violence. It looks rather to what is known in humans as the “brainwashing”. We have seen and saved a horse to make a colic and another stop sweating, the pending rod, which sign high endorphin levels in the blood.
Classics of flushing with work to loin followed the long reins, before all work mounted work, executed by taking time (on average a month), and the work fitted correctly practised according to the principles of the French school are certainly milder.
It is certain that pedagogy and practice in the Ecole Française would require a dust collection using the recent knowledge of science ethology, neurophysiology, isopraxie, miroirs… neurons, in biomechanics, etc if we want as the objective, in our country, not to East

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